Shutter speed

Stutter speed is how quick the camera sensor is exposed to the light. The smaller the aperture is exposed, the more motion blur will appear in the photo. Generally this is in fraction of seconds but it can be hours depending on the effect you are trying to achieve.

1/1000 1/500 1/250 1/125 1/60 1/30 1/10 1/4

Efffect of shutter speed

Between 1/1000 to 1/250 is freeze action. When you capture the image in movement; the image will be solid with no blurring.

Between 1/30 to 8, you’ll get motion blur. When you can see the movement of the main focus. A tripod is needed as you need to expose the camera sensor for a while and it could pick up your hand movement.

For bulb setting, You will need a remote control or intervatometer. the stutter speed will be 30 seconds or longer. You’ll need to doit; press it, lock it then stop it (Once you’re done)

For our images, I was the one who had to be moving so I walked. The photos aren’t that focused until we got to the motion blur and it worked beautiful, even if only one of my legs remained in focus.

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The photos where taken by Adam, while I was the subject (Again). I walked throughout the photos because asthma and cold weather don’t mix. The ones that are blurred are the ones which works while with the others is because I wasn’t walking quick enough.

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Aperture (No portal jokes here)

The aperture is in charge of how much light can go through the leans, from your chosen size. It can be located in the leans and it works similar to your own iris. If you want more light in the photo, you set the aperture to a low number and get a larger hole. If you want less light in the photos, you set the aperture to a high number to get a smaller hole. So remember; The higher the number, the smaller the hole and less light in the photo.

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Depth of field can be created through the aperture, it is when the focus of the camera is on one part of the photo while everywhere else is blurred. To create a shallow depth of field

If you can remember, help yourself.

(I know, I lied)

Portraiture

Portrait is when your sujbect of the photograph is a person, instead of a landscape or object. it can be hard to get the photo to look right as the person could uncomfortable, the photo could come out bad or everything is wrong and you just want to throw it into a fire then watch in joy as it burns into a pile of ash, or is that just me? Anyway, there are a few tips that you can do to make it look better.

  • The amount of ISO in the photo can change it completely, ISO could be too high that you can’t see them or too low that you’ve turned into a low detailed snow white and still can’t see them.
  • Set it to a low F number.
  • Use a low depth of field so there ain’t anything in the background that can take focus away from the subject.
  • Keep the camera’s focus on the eyes, the subject should be looking at camera to make it a portrait. The eyes should be the most detailed part of the photo, as it’s normally the first thing you notice about a person is their eyes (Unless you’re me and the first thing I notice is their shoes)
  •  Play with the composition of the subject. You could apply the rules of thirds into the photo. The rule of thirds is when the subject or main focus fit in one of the three sections of the photo and take up all the space. Also changing your angle can also create an impact, like doing a high angle and getting the subject to look up.

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Macro

 

• Use your point of focus correctly. If you put the focus on one small area, it’ll be highly detailed while everything else would be out of focus. You’ll need to do manually if you don’t own a macro lenses. The example below with the match is a good one and a nice photo, you can see every bit of ash on the match head while the smoke is going out of focus.

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• Even through you can crop the size, you need to make sure the composition is right.
• Raindrops can improve a photograph as they reflect, like lenses. By focusing on the raindrops; they can pick up on the images behind them and make the photo more interesting. But it is reflecting a van which does make the photo look bad.

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• Even if the background is out of focus, it is important to think about the background. The background can affect the photo; a darker colour could make the object clearer and a bright colour could pull focus away from objects, making the photo pretty ugly. In the example below, it would be a nice picture but it’s a plant against a pink background. If it wasn’t for the blurred background then you’d be playing ‘Where’s Wally?’ with the plant.

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