Studio equirment

Light meter

light meter is a device used to measure the amount of light in a photography. It is to determine the proper exposure for a photograph, which allows the photographer to determine which shutter speed and F-number they need to set for the right exposure. For photography, it is ideal to use a handheld light meter so you can get closer to the object or scene you are taking a photo off (Just be careful, because if you hit it; you may lose it by it breaking or they might be annoyed that you hit them in the face and walking off while flipping off the bird)

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Reflecter

a reflector is an improvised or specialised reflective surface used to redirect light towards a given subject or scene. This can help make the focus of the photo more clear by reflecting light onto them, but be careful if you have a model because it go straight into their eyes.

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Barn doors

Barn doors are used in combination with fixed lights or strobes to focus the light and to avoid reflections. They are normally attached to lights seen around the stage at a theatre, to help focus on a part of a stage. They normally have 4 sides but there are some models with two, so check before you use.

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Soft box

A Soft box is a type of photographic lighting device, one of a number of photographic soft light devices. All the various soft light types create even and diffused light. This ‘bounces’ light off the second surface to diffuse the light. A “soft box” is an enclosure around a bulb comprising reflective side and back walls and a diffusing material at the front of the light. You could make one using aluminum foil

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Gels

Gels are used to change the colour of the light source (AKA a lamp, it wouldn’t work very well if you’re light source is THE SUN)all you need to do it place a transparent sheet over the light and the light will shine through the light and be the colour of the sheet.

Gels

Colourama

A colourama is a sheet used as a background to help keep focus on the object or model. This can help pull focus onto your subject, also the colour backdrop can help add to the subject. Just make sure the colourama is flat as it can be picked up  in the photo. Also help your subject on, I remember tripping on it when I was young.

Colourama

Diffuser

A diffuser spreads the light from the flash, to spread around the area and make the photograph clear to see. This will help get rid of harsh light and dark areas. There are ideal for portraits to make it look more 3D.

Diffuser

Macro and the adventurage of the unfocused images

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The focus on the berry as the red stands out against the greed holly leafs. The photo does highlight some of the sharp edges of the leafs, the ones closer to the leans are out of focus and brings more focus on the berry.

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This image is a bit unusual as the focus was on the wed but the leaf is also pretty detailed; you are able to see all lines and marks clearly. The focus point is on where the leaf sits on the web. The web stands out brightly against the dull browns of the shed. This is my personal favourite taken that day.

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The focus point moved at the last second from the leaf at the bottom left hand side. However, I was surprised how detailed everything is, even the parts which are out of focus.

 

If anyone is wondering why I’ve called this page ‘that’, it’s because the photos you see here are from a forth attempt to get it right. The first three are so blurred and out of focus, you’ll never be able to guess what it was. One was a smashed acorn, but in the bad attempts; it looks like something which escaped from doctor who.

White balance and Noise

 

Noise in photos taken with digital cameras is random pixels scattered all over the photo. It is a similar effect as “grain” in film photography and it degrades the photo quality.

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White balance (WB) is the process of removing unrealistic color casts, so that objects which appear white in person are rendered white in your photo. Proper camera white balance has to take into account the “color temperature” of a light source, which refers to the relative warmth or coolness of white light. Our eyes are very good at judging what is white under different light sources, but digital cameras often have great difficulty with auto white balance (AWB) — and can create unsightly blue, orange, or even green color casts. Understanding digital white balance can help you avoid these color casts, thereby improving your photos under a wider range of lighting conditions.

White-Balance-Example